The Seven Ingredients of Interior Design

The Seven Ingredients of Interior Design

In order to understand the fundamentals of interior design, you have to think back to the basics. Picture your home before you decorated and furnished it. Someone laid the groundwork for every inch of your home, making it possible for you to decorate in an appealing way.

Creating a building’s interior that is realistic and livable comes down to an exact science. This science is based on the following 7 elements of interior design.


Before your home was built, the patch of land that is your property was empty space. That empty space was strategically laid out to form a comfortable, practical living space.

Once a building’s bones are constructed, an interior designer’s job is to make the most of the space allotted; every nook and open area is in tensional.

Filled-in spaces are considered positive spaces, and unplanned or empty spaces are considered negative. An interior expert’s job is to maintain a satisfactory balance between the negative and positive spaces within a building.



The lines used in interior design include anything that fits into the space 3-dementionally. Lines are permanent, including walls and windows. they can also be action-oriented, such as when they allocate the placement of a staircase.

Lines are drawn to form a plan for a space. Today, designers have amazing technology at their disposal to help them envision the potential of the space at hand. This technology includes augmented reality, which allows users to shift 3-dementional replicas of walls and furniture around a space to see what it might look like when filled in.


Once the empty space is laid out with lines, every building’s interior needs forms. Forms are the shapes that take up the space within the lines. They can include anything from geometric forms like furniture to organic forms like the open space between them.


Though light is sometimes considered as an element of decor, it is one of the fundamental elements of interior design. Light fills the space in an intangible manner, and it sets the ambiance of a room.

Light is strategic even when it’s natural. It’s the designer’s job to place a window at an exact angle to allow the flow of natural light into a house, for instance.

Other forms of strategic lighting are artificial. These types of lighting include:

  • Task lighting
  • Mood lighting
    • and accent lighting.

Task lighting is practical, including lamps and other light fixtures. Mood lighting illuminates an entire living space, while accent lighting spotlight particular forms within the space. For instance, if you wanted to highlight a piano in your parlor or a painting on your living room wall, you’d use an accent light.


In interior design, color complements light. A designer uses color to set the mood of a living space. This is based on the expert knowledge of the psychology of color. For instance, the color blue sets a calm mood, while red sets the stage for excitement. The various color schemes are paired with the intent for the living space, and they combine with light and texture to complete the ambiance.


Did you know that texture is visual as well as tactile?

Texture defines the surfaces of a living area. It makes them more interesting and refined. Think about the wallpaper in your kitchen or the drapes on your windows. They are great examples of texture.

Although texture is a supplemental factor in interior design, no detail is too subtle or too small for expert designers and those who will ultimately use the living space. For instance, a rough, dull-looking floor is not as aesthetically pleasing as a shiny, smooth floor. A difference in texture is satisfying because it breaks up the monotony of a living area.


What creates consistency in any room?

The element that draws the eye to any aspect of a room is typically pattern combined with color. Patterns create consistency within a room. they are the springboard for coordination. Designers understand that patterns create a pleasant, calming visual effect, and they work to match the pattern to the other aspects of a room.

A paisley pattern is an example of a universally-loved design. It’s used on anything from wall decor to pillowcases.

Now that you understand the elements of interior design, you may have a new-found appreciation for how much thought and expertise went into planning your home.

Categories: Home Decor

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